If you are new to Microsoft Windows 95, this file will show you all the basics you need to get started. You’ll get an overview of Windows 95 features, and you’ll learn how to use online Help to answer your questions and find out more about using this operating systems.

If You are New to Windows 95 or Windows NT

Both Microsoft Windows 95 and Windows NT are easy-to-use work environments that help you handle the daily work that you perform with your computer. You can use either Windows 95 or Windows NT to run Internet Explorer — the explanations in this file apply to both operating systems. The way you use Windows 95, Windows NT, and programs designed for these operating systems is similar. The programs have a common look, and you use the same kinds of controls to tell them what to do. In this section, you’ll learn how to use the basic program controls.

Start Windows 95 or Windows NT

Starting Windows 95 or Windows NT is as easy as turning on your computer.

1If your computer isn't on, turn it on now.

In Windows 95, you will also be prompted for a username and password when starting if your computer is configured for user profiles. 2If you are using Windows NT, press CTRL+ALT+DEL to display a dialog box asking for your username and password. If you are using Windows 95, you will see this dialog box if your computer is connected to a network. Type your username and password in the appropriate boxes, and then click OK.

3Type your username and password in the appropriate boxes, and then click OK.

4If you see the Welcome dialog box, click the Close button.

Your screen should look similar to the following illustration.

NOTE If you are using the Web Integrated Desktop feature that's available with Internet Explorer 4, you will see the Channel Bar and the Active Desktop background on your Desktop, in addition to the items shown in this illustration.

Using the Mouse

Although you can use the keyboard for most actions, many of these actions are easier to perform with a mouse. The mouse controls a pointer on the screen, as shown in the previous illustration. ou move the pointer by sliding the mouse over a flat surface in the direction you want the pointer to move. If you run out of room to move the mouse, lift it up and then put it down in a more comfortable location. You’ll use five basic mouse actions throughout this tutorial.

NOTE In this tutorial we assume that your mouse is set up so that the left button is the primary button and the right button is the secondary button. If your mouse is configured the opposite way, for left-handed use, use the right button when we tell you to use the left, and vice versa.

When you are directed to Do this
Point to an itemMove the mouse to place the pointer on the item.
Click an itemPoint to the item on your screen, and then quickly press and release the left mouse button.
Right-click an itemPoint to the item on your screen, and then quickly press and release the right mouse button. Clicking the right mouse button displays a shortcut menu from which you can choose from a list of commands that apply to that item.
Double-click an itemPoint to the item, and then quickly press and release the left mouse button twice.
Drag an itemPoint to an item, and then hold down the left mouse button as you move the pointer.

Using Window Controls

All programs designed for use on computers that have Windows 95 or Windows NT installed have common controls that you use to scroll, size, move, and close a window.

To Do this Button
Move, or scroll, vertically or horizontally through the contents of a window that extends beyond the screenClick a scroll bar or scroll arrow, or drag the scroll box. The previous illustration identifies these controls.
Enlarge a window to fill the screenClick the Maximize button, or double-click the window title bar.
Restore a window to its previous size Click the Restore button, or double-click the window title bar. When a window is maximized, the Maximize button changes to the Restore button.
Reduce a window to a button on the taskbar Click the Minimize button. To display a minimized window, click its button on the taskbar.
Move a windowDrag the window title bar.
Close a windowClick the Close button.

Using Menus

You can also press ALT+E to open the Edit menu. Just like a restaurant menu, a program menu provides a list of options from which you can choose. On program menus, these options are called commands. To select a menu or a menu command, you click the item you want.

NOTE You can also use the keyboard to make menu selections. Press the ALT key to activate the menu bar, and press the key that corresponds to the highlighted or underlined letter of the menu name. Then press the key that corresponds to the highlighted or underlined letter of the command name.

In the following exercise, you’ll open and make selections from a menu.

On a menu, a check mark indicates that multiple items in this group of commands can be selected at one time. A bullet mark indicates that only one item in this group can be selected at one time.

Open and make selections from a menu

1 On the Desktop, double-click the My Computer icon.

The My Computer window opens.

2 In the My Computer window, click Edit on the menu bar.

The Edit menu appears. Some commands are dimmed. This means the command isn’t available.

3 Click the Edit menu name to close the menu.

The menu closes.

4 Click View on the menu bar to open the View menu.

5On the View menu, click Toolbar.

The View menu closes, and a toolbar appears below the menu bar.

6 On the View menu, click List.

The items in the My Computer window now appear in a list, rather than as icons.

7 On the toolbar, click the Large Icons button.

Clicking a button on a toolbar is a quick way to select a command.

8 On the View menu, point to Arrange Icons.

A cascading menu appears listing additional menu choices. When a right-pointing arrow appears after a command name, it indicates that additional commands are available.

9 Click anywhere outside the menu to close it.

10 On the menu bar, click View, and then click Toolbar again.

The View menu closes, and the toolbar is now hidden.

11 Click the Close button in the upper-right corner of the My Computer window to close the window.

TIP If you do a lot of typing, you might want to learn the key combinations for commands you use frequently. Pressing the key combination is a quick way to perform a command by using the keyboard. If a key combination is available for a command, it will be listed to the right of the command name on the menu. For example, CTRL+C is listed on the Edit menu as the key combination for the Copy command.

Using Dialog Boxes

When you choose a command name that is followed by an ellipsis (...), a dialog box will appear so that you can provide more information about how the command should be carried out. Dialog boxes have standard features, as shown in the following illustration.

To move around in a dialog box, you click the item you want. You can also use the keyboard to select the item by holding down ALT as you press the underlined letter. Or, you can press TAB to move between items.

Display the Taskbar Properties dialog box

Some dialog boxes provide several categories of options displayed on separate tabs. You click the top of an obscured tab to make that tab visible.

1 On the taskbar, click the Start button.

The Start menu opens.

2 On the Start menu, point to Settings, and then click Taskbar.

3 In the Taskbar Properties dialog box, click the Start Menu Programs tab.

On this tab, you can customize the list of programs displayed on your Start menu.

4 Click the Taskbar Options tab, and then click the Show Small Icons In Start Menu check box.

When a check box is selected, it displays a check mark.

5 Click the check box a couple of times, and watch how the display in the dialog box changes.

Clicking any check box or option button will turn the option off or on.

6 Click the Cancel button in the dialog box.

This closes the dialog box without changing any settings.

Getting Help with Windows 95 or Windows NT

When you’re at work and you want to find out more information about how to do a project, you might ask a co-worker or consult a reference book. To find out more about functions and features in Windows 95 or Windows NT, you can use the online Help system. For example, when you need information about how to print, the Help system is one of the most efficient ways to learn. The Windows 95 or Windows NT Help system is available from the Start menu. After the Help system opens, you can choose the type of help you want from the Help Topics dialog box.

To find instructions about broad categories, you can look on the Contents tab. Or, you can search the Help index to find information about specific topics. The Help information is short and concise, so you can get the exact information you need quickly. Many Help topics also include shortcut icons that you can use to directly go to the task you want.

Viewing Help Contents

The Contents tab is organized like a book’s table of contents. As you choose top-level topics, called chapters, you see a list of more detailed topics from which to choose. Many of these chapters have Tips and Tricks sections to help you work more efficiently as well as Troubleshooting sections to help you resolve problems.

Find Help about general categories

Suppose you want to learn more about using Calculator, a program that comes with Windows 95 and Windows NT. In this exercise, you’ll look up information in the online Help system.

1 Click Start. On the Start menu, click Help.

The Help Topics: Windows Help dialog box appears.

2 If necessary, click the Contents tab to make it active.

3 Double-click "Introducing Windows" or "Introducing Windows NT."

A set of subtopics appears.

4 Double-click "Using Windows Accessories."

5Double-click "For General Use."

6Double-click "Calculator: for making calculations." A Help topic window opens.

7 Read the Help information, and then click the Close button to close the Help window.

Finding Help About Specific Topics

You can find specific Help topics by using the Index tab or the Find tab. The Index tab is organized like a book’s index. Keywords for topics are organized alphabetically. You can either scroll through the list of keywords, or type the keyword you want to find. You can then select from one or more topic choices.

With the Find tab, you can also enter a keyword. The main difference is that you get a list of all Help topics in which that keyword appears, not just the topics that begin with that word.

Find Help about specific topics by using the Help index

In this exercise, you’ll use the Help index to learn how to change the background pattern of your Desktop.

1 Click Start, and then click Help.

The Help Topics dialog box appears.

2 Click the Index tab to make it active.

3 In the text box, type display

A list of display-related topics appears.

4 Click the topic named "background pictures or patterns, changing," and then click Display.

The Topics Found dialog box appears.

5 Be sure that the topic named "Changing the background of your desktop" is selected, and then click Display.

6 Read the Help topic.

7 Click the shortcut icon in step 1 of the Help topic.

The Display Properties dialog box appears. If you want, you can immediately perform the task you are looking up in Help.

8 Click the Close button on the Display Properties dialog box.

9Click the Close button on the Windows Help window.

NOTE You can print any Help topic, if you have a printer installed on your computer. Click the Options button in the upper-left corner of any Help topic window, click Print Topic, and then click OK. To continue searching for additional topics, you can click the Help Topics button in any open Help topic window.

Find Help about specific topics by using the Find tab

In this exercise, you’ll use the Find tab to learn how to change your printer’s settings.

1 Click Start, and on the Start menu, click Help to display the Help Topics dialog box.

2 Click the Find tab to make it active.

3 If you see a wizard, click Next, and then click Finish to complete and close the wizard.

The wizard creates a search index for your Help files. This might take a few minutes. The next time you use Find, you won’t have to wait for the list to be created. The Find tab appears.

4In the text box, type print

All topics that have to do with printing appear in the list box at the bottom of the tab.

5 In area 3 of the Help Topics dialog box, click the "Changing printer settings" topic, and then click Display. The Help topic appears.

6 Read the Help topic, and then click the Close button on the Windows Help window.

Find Help in a dialog box

Almost every dialog box includes a question mark Help button in the upper-right corner of its window. When you click this button and then click any dialog box control, a Help window appears that explains what the control is and how to use it. In this exercise, you’ll get help for a dialog box control.

1 Click Start, and then click Run.

The Run dialog box appears.

2 Click the Help button.

The mouse pointer changes to an arrow with a question mark.

3 Click the Open text box.

A Help window appears, providing information about how to use the Open text box.

4 Click anywhere on the Desktop, or press ESC to close the Help window.

The mouse pointer returns to its previous shape.

5 In the Run dialog box, click Cancel.

TIP You can change the way the Help topics appear on your screen. Click the Options button in any Help topic window, and then point to Font to change the size of the text.

What is Microsoft Internet Explorer 4?

Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 is a powerful World Wide Web tool that gives you access to the vast knowledge and innovative communication made possible by the Internet. You'll use World Wide Web search engines to conduct Internet research and the History list of visited sites to help you keep track of your research. You can quickly access your favorite Web sites from your Favorites list, and you can also subscribe to those sites so they'll be automatically updated and downloaded to your Desktop on a regular basis. Internet Explorer 4 makes it easy to move seamlessly between your Desktop and the Internet through features like your Favorites list and an Address bar located on your Start menu and the taskbar. You can use Internet Explorer 4 to communicate with work associates and friends via e-mail and to keep up with the latest ideas and information on thousands of topics by subscribing to newsgroups. In addition, Internet Explorer 4 provides you with face-to-face communication with work associates and friends around the world, enabling you to perform all the tasks of a regular meeting, including handing out agendas and writing on a Whiteboard.

Quit Windows 95 or Windows NT

1 If you are finished using Windows 95 or Windows NT, close any open windows by clicking the Close button on each window.

2 Click Start, and then click Shut Down.

The Shut Down Windows dialog box appears.

3 Click Yes.

A message indicates that it is now safe to turn off your computer.

WARNING To avoid loss of data or damage to your operating system, always quit Windows 95 or Windows NT by using the Shut Down command on the Start menu before you turn your computer off.